Year 3 - Password Lesson
Homework - March 2019
Newton and Gravity
Isaac Newton was an English scientist and mathematician. He made many discoveries in his lifetime. One of the most important and influential discoveries that he made was the law of gravity.
Newton was born in 1643 at Woolsthorpe Manor in Lincolnshire. He worked hard at school, and was accepted to study at Cambridge University. He worked there for many years, but in 1666 Plague broke out and he was forced to move back to Woolsthorpe Manor.
While Newton was in the garden at Woolsthorpe Manor one day, he saw an apple fall from a tree. Some say it fell on his head but there is no evidence that this definitely happened. The sight of the apple falling down from the branch to the ground inspired Newton to think about the way it fell. Years later, he told his friend William Stukeley that he wondered why the apple fell down rather than sideways or upwards. He concluded there must be a ‘drawing power’ in the Earth and that ‘the sum of the drawing power must be in the Earth’s centre, not in any side of the Earth.’
Newton spent a lot of time thinking hard about the force of gravity, and how it pulls objects down towards the centre of the Earth. He was particularly interested in the way the Moon orbits the Earth, and he reasoned that gravity must extend over vast distances, pulling the Moon towards the Earth and keeping it in orbit.
In 1687, Newton published his discoveries about gravity in his famous book, The Principia. His findings are known today as Newton’s Law of
Newton died in 1727, but his legacy lives on. All forces are measured in newtons (N), using a newton metre – both of which are named after Isaac
Newton. Even Albert Einstein, writing in 1927, 200 years after Newton’s
death, described Newton as a ‘shining spirit’, and claimed he had one of the most brilliant minds of anybody who had ever lived.
Today the apple tree that inspired Newton’s ideas still grows in the gardens at Woolsthorpe Manor, now owned by the National Trust. It can be seen from the window of the room that was Isaac Newton’s bedroom.